The health of the retina is tied to the health of the rest of your body and can be affected by age, as well as by multiple medical conditions, such as diabetes and high blood pressure. At Kentucky Eye Care, our wonderful physicians utilize the latest diagnostic tools and treatment techniques to address various diseases and disorders of the retina.
Spectral Domain Optical Coherence Tomography: Spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) is a non-invasive technology that relies on the analysis of light reflected from the back of the eye to provide an image of the thickness of the retina and underlying tissues. Although OCT technology has been around for several years, SD-OCT is the most advanced commercially available. It shows details that were once only seen on pathology slides in research labs.
In addition to the evaluation and management of various retinal disorders, an SD-OCT can also be used to examine tumors and other abnormalities in the back of the eye.
Autofluorescence Photos: Autofluorescence relies on the natural properties of certain tissues in the eye that cause them to emit light. The most fluorescent tissue in the back of the eye is the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). The RPE is damaged in certain disorders, such as AMD and retinal dystrophies, and presents as either abnormally high or abnormally low autofluorescence. Autofluorescence is also helpful in distinguishing benign “freckles” or nevi from malignant melanomas.
Laser Photocoagulation: Laser photocoagulation uses a “hot laser” to destroy tissue within the eye. Although laser photocoagulation has many applications, it is most commonly used in the treatment of diabetic retinopathy. Focal treatment of leaking microaneurysms or more widespread treatment of the retina can be used to treat macular edema. Laser photocoagulation of the peripheral retina is used to treat proliferative diabetic retinopathy. It works by decreasing the oxygen demand of the retina.
Laser photocoagulation can be used to treat macular edema associated with other retinal disorders, as well. It can also be used to treat tears in the retina. While it is unusual to experience pain during treatment, an injection of anesthetic can be given around the eye to numb it if necessary.
If you have concerns about your retinal health or a known retinal condition, request an appointment with our skilled physicians to discuss your treatment options.